When attempting to interface more than one PC together

When attempting to interface more than
one PC together there is wide range of approaches to get the job done. Some
ways are superior to others in specific circumstances, and it is exceptionally
gainful to begin the correct way while networking PCs due to value, as well as
on account of security issues.

Computer networks are used to allow
several hosts to exchange information between themselves. In 70s the computer
industry designed Local Area Networks (LAN). Many LAN technologies such as
Ethernet or Token Ring were designed. During the 80s, the need to interconnect
an ever increasing number of PCs drove most vendors to build up their own suite
of networking protocols.(Bonaventure,
2014)

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Computer networks are often classified in function of the geographical
area that they cover. So some common type of area networks is:

LAN – Local Area Network

WAN – Wide Area Network

MAN – Metropolitan Area Network

Another classification of computer
networks is based on their physical topology. Network
Topology is the schematic description of a network arrangement, connecting
various nodes (sender and receiver) through lines of connection.

 

1.1
Purpose:

The purpose of this report is to provide
a clarification of networking principles, protocols and devices used in
networking, including advantages and imperatives of networking solutions, the
effect of network topology, communication and data transfer capacity prerequisites,
viability of networking frameworks, working principles of networking devices,
server types and networking software.

 

1.2
Network System types:

When
setting up a network there are basically few different types of networks –
Peer-to-peer, Client-Server, Cloud, Cluster, Centralised and Virtualised
networks. Each type has certain benefits and downsides based on that we can
decide why it could be implemented.

·      
Peer-to-peer
based:

Fig. 1

In a
peer-to-peer network (see Fig. 1), a group of computers is connected together
so that users can share resources and information. There is no central location
for authenticating users, storing files, or accessing resources. This means
that users must remember which computers in the workgroup have the shared
resource or information that they want to access. It also means that users must
log on to each computer to access the shared resources on that computer.(Networking Basics)

·      
Client/Server based:

Fig.2

In a
server-based network, the server is the central location where users share and
access network resources (see Figure 2). This dedicated computer controls
the level of access that users have to shared resources. Shared data is in one
location, making it easy to back up critical business information. Each
computer that connects to the network is called a client computer. In a
server-based network, users have one user account and password to log on to the
server and to access shared resources.(Networking Basics)

·      
Cloudbased: The access of
networking resources from a centralized third-party provider using Wide
Area Networking (WAN) or Internet-based access technologies.

·      
Cluster
based:Cluster is
utilised comprehensively in computer networking to introduce to various
distinctive executions of shared processing units. A cluster coordinates the
resources of two or more processing units (that could somehow work
independently) together for some common task.Connecting two or more computers
together such that they act as one machine. Clustering is utilized for parallel
handling, load balancing and fault tolerance.(Robertazzi, 2012)

·      
Centralised:
A type of system
where all users connect with a main central server, which is the acting specialist
for all interchanges. This server would store both the communications and the user
account data.

Virtualised: A system by consolidating many network systems or parts of networks into a virtual system unit.