Throughout history, conventional world leaders like Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler, tend to have made gargantuan impacts to their country, and sometimes even the wider world. However, the methods they adopted to achieve those societal changes played a highly crucial part. We all know that the comparison between Adolf Hitler and Saddam Hussein is really not too far-fetched. For a start, both of the dictator’s dividend eminent visual traits, such as their dark hair, symbolistic moustaches, and their fixation with military attire. But, far beyond physical appearances, from an authentic aspect, there are also some prominent resembles in the sense of the methods they used, and the changes they made to society.
It is no question that Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler both used smart methods to rise to power, and ultimately stay in power. Adolf Hitler (Führer of Nazi Germany (1934 – 1945)), just like Saddam Hussein, came to power through the strong use of violence and conflict. However, due to this, people were scared of the consequences if they opposed, making more people vote them into power, no matter what their views were. It is clear that their aggressive personalities really took a toll on the people and made it easy for both leaders to achieve their goal and come to power. They both used many kinds of propaganda to gain more power in the country, and they both made sure that they looked good in the newspaper, but actually, in reality, they were both incredibly evil men. They both used secret spies to make sure that they wouldn’t get caught red handed, and also to make sure that no one argued or spoke against them. Both of them encouraged people to grasp each other up if they heard anything opposing about them. They both encouraged the leaders that were previously in power, to forcefully give up their positions.
Education was Saddam Hussein’s priority during his regime. Primarily throughout his early years of his rule, he invested greatly on a much better education system for Iraq, which was well-sourced, expansive, and open to woman. Within a few years after Saddam took the place of the leader, Iraq was providing social services, which was incredibly outstanding among the Middle East countries. Saddam initiated and then controlled the “National Campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy” and the campaign for “Compulsory Free Education in Iraq”, and the government worked together to establish free schooling from elementary school to up to the highest year levels. Saddam ordered a big number of schools to be built across all cities, at least one built in every village of the city. This helped to build a much more educated middle class. This resulted in the number of Iraqis attending University, to be doubled. Literacy rates rose from 52% in 1977, to 80% in 1987, about the same level as in Singapore (Gusterson, 2011). Additionally, Saddam supported many families of soldiers, and gave them free hospitalization. Iraq later created one of the most modernized public health system in the Middle East. For his hugely profitable actions, Saddam earned himself an award from the Unit Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Act of Decline?
Saddam used the idea of modernization of Iraq to gain power in government. The method to modernization was through Iraq’s oil. On 1st June 1972, Saddam seized International oil interests, causing oil prices to rise, funding Saddam’s plan to come to power. After formally coming to power, he began consolidating that power and started to have the Al Ba’ath members found of treason and then to be executed, further securing his position. After he became president, Saddam led the oil nationalization process for the Ba’ath party in 1972, and sizably helped Iraq’s economy. The repercussions of the nationalization were tripling the Iraqi oil production, and considering Iraq didn’t have to grant percentages of the profits to non-Iraqi companies, Iraq’s economy was undoubtedly strengthening.
Many years before Al-Ba’ath Party took charge, Feudalism was completely prohibited (in 1958). Under Saddam’s reign, farmers were given pieces of land, loans, modern machinery, discounted crop supplies, and water supplies, all in order to help them thrive and succeed in life. Saddam Hussein ordered the construction of a new river, known as the “third river”, to help inundate Iraq, and boost the food production towards Southern Iraq.
It is no question that Saddam Hussein made a very positive impact on the middle class. The Iraqi people, principally the employees, were granted sectors of land for them to build on to, and loans that were tailor made for that purpose.