The distance, and performing self-mutilation. In the total isolation

The Well of DespairPragya ChaturvediPiedmont Governor’s School for Mathematics, Science, and Technology The Well of DespairSource in first sentence (“Mengele,” n.d., n.pag.).Harry Harlow conducted experiments on rhesus monkeys to research the nature of maternal love (“Harry Harlow,” 2017).   He used maternal deprivation and social isolation experiments to do so. The first experiment he conducted was to find out what kind of maternal care the monkeys needed to be normal. Harlow raised the infant monkeys with artificial mothers to see how different types of mothers would affect the monkeys’ growth and reaction.  He used a variety of mothers to research different preferences of monkeys, and he thought that the ideal mother was “a mother, soft, warm, and tender, a mother with infinite patience, a mother available 24 hours a day.” (Slater, 2008). He used two mothers in this experiment: one was made out of terrycloth and the other one was made out of wire (“Harry Harlow,” 2017). The wire mother provided the monkeys with the materials the babies needed to survive like milk and food. On the other hand, the terrycloth mother offered nothing that would aid the monkeys” survival. The monkeys only went to the wire mothers when they absolutely needed food, and then they immediately went back to the terrycloth mothers to find warmth and comfort. They would also go to the terrycloth mother when a frightening stimulus was released into the cage for protection. Monkeys placed in an unfamiliar room acted very differently. “They would freeze in fear and cry, crouch down, or suck their thumbs. Some of the monkeys would even run from object to object, apparently searching for the cloth mother as they cried and screamed. Monkeys placed in this situation with their wire mothers exhibited the same behavior as the monkeys with no mother.” (“Harry Harlow,” 2017). Once the surrogate mothers showed no benefit to his research and when he realized that the ideal mother wasn’t adequate, he resorted to researching social isolation on monkeys instead. He studied partial and total isolation. In the partial isolation experiments, the monkeys were isolated in wired cages, but they could still see and hear other animals and monkeys. After the experiment was over, the monkeys were found circling around their cages, staring off in a distance, and performing self-mutilation. In the total isolation experiments, the baby monkeys were left in complete isolation for three, six, 12, or 24 months. No monkeys died during the experiments, but the mental injuries they suffered, after the experiments were over, were devastating. Most of the monkeys went through emotional shock initially, and others also suffered through emotional anorexia, and autistic self-clutching the longer they stayed. The monkeys’ society was completely obliterated when they were forced to stay for 12 months. Harlow did, however, try to assimilate the monkeys back into society and amend their emotional trauma, but it was not beneficial.   ReferencesSmith, J. D. (2000).  Nazi twin experiments. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/Nazi twin experiments, (n.d.). Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/SummaryWhy is it unethicalAny lasting impact the experiment had