School of Basic Education
Inquiries, Investigation & Immersion
The Relationship between the Meal Frequency and
Timing and the BMI of Senior High school Grade 12 STEAM Students
Abiera III, Anton Reymundo Y.
Autentico, Maiah Angeleah P.
Galon, Sharifah Shekinah Dawn M.
Background of the Study
Skipping meals, eating passed the time, are some serious cases of the senior high school students. Have you ever wondered how it affects our body mass index or BMI? Does the timing of when we will eat have something to do with being malnourished, normal, or overweight?
The purpose of this research is to simply answer those questions. For the researchers to come up with those answers, they will use an experimental approach to the chosen grade 12 STEAM senior high school students of Silliman University.
Statement of the Problem
A person with an abnormal BMI has a greater chance of having obesity related diseases or malnourishment. Many factors contribute to a person’s BMI; we hypothesized that one of these is meal frequency and timing. Knowing if a relationship exists will be significant to every person, especially to students that experience irregular eating patterns.
The study aims to investigate the effects of meal frequency and timing to the BMI of Silliman University Senior High School STEAM students. To do this, we will address the following research questions:
1. Is there evidence to suggest a relationship between a person’s meal frequency and timing to his/her BMI?
2. Does meal frequency and timing affect a person’s BMI?
3. What is the specific effect of meal frequency and timing to the BMI pf a person?
Objectives of the Study
The objectives of this research are:
· To investigate if meal frequency and timing can affect the BMI of Senior High School STEAM students of Silliman University.
· To evaluate if the Senior High School STEAM students of Silliman University has high or low BMI.
Significance of the Study
The researchers believe that the findings of this study would benefit to wide array of audience, most specifically to the following group of individuals:
As students, school works may cause adjustment of the frequency and timing in eating their meals. BMI can also affect everyday activity. So, students as the main respondents of the study may benefit through gaining more knowledge about the importance of frequency and timing of meals that could affect their body mass index (BMI).
Parents and students’ families may be considered as major stakeholders of the study. Families will show great concern for the students’ welfare. The study can provide information regarding with the students’ health that the family can start to adapt to in a way that would be beneficial for both students and family.
· Health Organizations
The study could provide information for health organizations to have programs emphasizing the importance of eating meals frequently and eating at the right time for normal BMI. This would provide health guidance to children and families in the community.
Scope and limitations of the Study
The study focuses on finding the relationship between the meal frequency and Body Mass Index (BMI) of Silliman University Senior High School Students grade 12 STEAM students. Data will be gathered through interview questions regarding meal frequency and timing, calculation of BMI, and one week of having two groups of respondents for observation. One group will eat at what’s considered to be normal meal frequency and timing and the other group will have unusual meal frequency and timing.
Operational Definition of Terms
· Meal frequency – Each type of macronutrient (protein, carbohydrate, and fat) requires varying amounts of energy to break down and process. This is the thermic effect of food, and is the metabolic “boost” that comes with eating.
· BMI – Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on your weight in relation to your height, and applies to most adult men and women aged 20 and over. For children aged 2 and over, BMI percentile is the best assessment of body fat.
· Malnourished – poorly or improperly nourished; suffering from malnutrition:
Thin, malnourished victims of the famine.
· Overweight – weighing too much or more than is considered normal, proper, etc.:n overweight luggage; an overweight patient; two letters that may be overweight.
· Experiment approach – It is a collection of research designs which use manipulation and controlled testing to understand causal processes. Generally, one or more variables are manipulated to determine their effect on a dependent variable. The experimental method.