Islam female and male, it is made clear in

Islam determines every aspect of life of a
Muslim. (Al-kaysi, 2009) The maintenance of social order depends on every citizen in
a society following the same moral principles and practices. (Bassiouni, 2012) This is very important in showing human virtue and perfection.

It is incorporated in the everyday life of a Muslim, followed by immediate
family, other common relationships. (University, 2006) A term for this would be collective
morality. This is expressed in the Qur’an as equality, justice, fairness, compassion,
brotherhood, mercy, solidarity, and freedom of choice. (Bassiouni, 2012) In this essay, I
will explore the 3 terms equality, freedom of choice hence individual
responsibility and mercy.

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Collective
morality means that everyone in society has an important role to play to ensure
that the morality of the society is up kept and high. According to Qur’an 2:177 – “Whosoever of you sees an evil
action, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then
with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart—and that
is the weakest of faith.”

The
first term, equality is emphasized numerously throughout the Qur’an. This is a
result of the belief that the relationship between every man and his Creator is
direct, hence there can be no intermediary. Although it is frequently argued
that there is no full equity among Muslims, especially between female and male,
it is made clear in the Qur’an that there are distinctions between men and
women; not all rights and privileges available to men are available to women. (Bassiouni, 2012) For example, a male Muslim will
inherit two times the share of the female, but a male relative have the
financial responsibility to care for a needy female relative.

The
second term, freedom of choice which is also individual responsibility is a
cornerstone of Islam. Every Muslim is responsible to his Creator for what he
himself does or does not do. Thus the Islam believe in free will. This means
that a person is responsible for his framework of Islamic morality. (Bassiouni, 2012) As stated in Qur’an
4:36 “Actions are but by intention and
every man shall have but that which he intended.”

Finally,
mercy, is described by Allah in the Qur’an as the Merciful and the
Forgiving. Everything is forgivable by Allah except Shirk. Even so the mercy of
God is unlimited. A man was once brought to the Prophet for trial because he
denied the existence of God. Upon review of the facts, it appeared that the man
was in despair over a personal tragedy. He had been found in the desert
throwing his spear to the sky and screaming that he wanted to kill God for the
injustice that he had suffered. The Prophet replied, “Is it not enough
that he acknowledged the existence of God to want to kill him?.” The man
was set free. (Bassiouni, 2012)