Increased and rightsizing, can create a dilemma for both

Increased pressure in the workplace resulting from issues such as globalization, restructuring, increased competition and organizational, downsizing and rightsizing, can create a dilemma for both employers and employees, namely which comes first ,work or home life? The role of work has changed throughout the world due to economic conditions and social demands. Originally, work was a matter of necessity and survival. Throughout the years, the role of “work” has evolved and the composition of the workforce has changed .Today work still is a necessity but it should be a source of personal satisfaction as well. One of the vehicles that help to provide attainment of personnel and professional goals is work life benefits and programs. Enabling employees to achieve a balance between their working lives and their lives outside work is a crucial issue faced by the employers today. A traditional view of employers would see them as being focused on cost and productivity, but in today’s society the wider view -one addresses the issue of employee well-being, is necessary for the achievement of corporate and individual goals.  A balanced life is one where an individual spread his/her energy and efforts – emotional, intellectual, and imaginative spiritual and physical between the key areas of importance. The neglect of one or more areas, anchor points, may threaten the vitality of the whol.The present era is an age of knowledge workers. The society in which we live has come to be known as knowledge society. The intellectual pursuits have taken precedence over the physical efforts. Some knowledge workers work for more than 60 hours a week. As a result of this, their personal hobbies and interests clash with their work. Life is a bundle that contains all the strands together and hence the need to balance work life with other related issues.’ One must have both love and work in one’s life to make it healthy. Gone are the days when the priority of employees used to be for physical and material needs. With the increasing shift of the economy towards knowledge economy, the meaning and quality of work life has undergone a drastic change. Quality of Work Life Quality of Work Life is becoming an increasingly popular concept in recent times. The term “Quality of work life” has appeared in research journals and the press in USA only in 1970s. There is no generally acceptable definition about this term. However, some attempts were made to describe the term quality of work life (QWL). It refers to the favourableness or unfavourableness of a job environment for people. QWL means different things to different people. J. Richard and J. Loy define QWL as “the degree to which members of a work organization are able to satisfy important personnel needs through their experience in the organization.” The organisations take different steps to improve the quality of work life. How to Increase the Quality of Work Life of Employees?Having a work environment that promotes wellness and happiness not only increases mood, but productivity.  The same study reported that happy workers reported spending 80% of their week on work related tasks, while less happy workers spend only 40% of their time on work related tasks.  What boss doesn’t want employees spending more time on work related tasks?   The idea of having fun at work isn’t new. What is important is addressing the direct connection to an employee’s quality of work and life and their work performance without dramatically impacting your company or department’s bottom line. . Set goals, reward if met – Have production goals that need to be met by the end of the day. Set a goal and do something fun if the goal is met. Giving your employees a challenge throughout the day will give them something to work towards and generally they will go above and beyond to meet the goal. For example, focus on production goals or deadlines that have to be met. If they meet them ahead of schedule, go out for happy hour on the company, extend their lunches, or if viable, let them take half a day. These simple rewards will revitalize your employees and give them more drive to produce the same results outside a rewards system.Challenge your employees – To go one step further on setting and meeting goals, challenge your employees with new tasks that might be outside their job function. Do you have a problem within your organization that needs fixing? Challenge an employee to head a taskforce or committee to identify, evaluate, and come up with a solution. Making employees feel like they are a part of a bigger change will encourage them and keep the quality of their productivity up.Manage your workforce, but avoid micromanaging – No one likes their employer looking over their shoulder every minute of every day. More than ever there is a large pool of employees who don’t need managing. Self-starters are in abundance and work a whole lot better without a micromanager. Employees need to be given freedom to think for themselves and work in a space that isn’t constrained at every turn. In order to produce exceptional results, quit micromanaging.Recognize good work – How can something so simple improve quality of work life? As GenY starts to become one of the largest demographics in the workforce they rely on constant recognition. You must ensure that as an employer you always have something positive to say about your employees and their work. Don’t rely on the old principle if you don’t say anything that means everything is fine, because GenY will take that as things being worse. Rewards, and other ways of keeping employees happy will make them feel that their effort is being recognized and that the company needs them.      Work/life balance and stress managementWork-life balanceWork-life balance is adjusting your day-to-day activities to achieve a sense of balance between work life and personal life. Some benefits of a healthy work-life balance include:· reduced stress levels, at work and at home· greater focus and concentration· higher levels of job satisfaction· the opportunity to participate more fully in family and social life· more time to pursue personal goals and hobbies· improved health. What is stressEveryone experiences stress at some stage in their life. It is a way for us to know that something in our life is causing us concern and is affecting how we are thinking and feeling.Stress is not always bad. In small doses, it can help you perform under pressure and motivate you to do your best, but when you are constantly running in emergency mode, your mind and body pay the price.Signs and symptoms of stress· Mentalo Trouble thinking clearlyo Memory problemso Can’t concentrateo Low attention spano Poor judgemento Anxious or racing thoughtso Constant worrying· Emotionalo Moodinesso Easily upset or hurto Irritability or short tempero Agitation, unable to relax or keep stillo Feeling overwhelmedo Sense of loneliness and isolationo Depression or general unhappiness · Physicalo Tightness in muscleso Aches and painso Headaches, trembling, sweatingo Nausea, dizzinesso Chest pain, rapid heartbeato Loss of appetiteo Lack of sleep, dreams, nightmares· Behaviouralo Eating more or lesso Sleeping too much or too littleo Isolating yourself from otherso Procrastinating or neglecting responsibilitieso Using alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs to relaxo Nervous habits (e.g. nail biting, pacing).These signs and symptoms of stress can also be caused by other psychological and medical problems. If you experience any of these, it is important to see your doctor—as they can help you determine whether or not your symptoms are stress-related.Causes of stressThe situations and pressures that cause stress are known as stressors. There are 2 types of stressors:· external (where outside forces act on us)· internal (self-generated, we have some control over it).External causes of stress· Major life changes· Work· Relationship difficulties· Financial problems· Being too busy· Children and family.Internal causes of stress (self-generated)· Inability to accept uncertainty· Doubt· Negative self-talk· Unrealistic expectations· Perfectionism· Lack of assertiveness.How to manage stressManaging stress is about making a plan to be able to cope effectively with daily pressures. The ultimate goal is to strike a balance between life, work, relationships, relaxation and fun. By doing this you are more able to deal with daily stress triggers and meet these challenges head on.There are some strategies that can help to  look after your mind and body, and in turn it helps to control behaviours that result from too much stress include:Body related· Know your stress triggers· Recognise early warning signs and symptoms and act on them to reduce stress· Practise relaxation techniques or meditation· Eat a well-balanced, healthy diet· Exercise regularly—aim for at least 30 minutes every day· Get enough sleep—aim for around 8 hours every night. Thought related· Try to worry less about things you can’t control, and make plans for dealing with the things you can control· Set small, manageable and achievable goals· Apply problem-solving techniques—identifying the problem, clarifying its nature and      map out options for dealing with it· Choose to have a positive attitude· Think positively about yourself and your achievements· Take time out to visualise a calm and peaceful place· Compete against yourself, not those around you and aim for your personal best· Develop, keep and use your sense of humour.Behaviour related· Plan and organise ahead to allow enough time to get tasks done· Use ‘to do’ lists and set priorities to help you achieve your goals· Be open and honest with people, rather than hiding your thoughts and feelings· Seek guidance and support when you are feeling stressedCreate a balanced lifestyle for yourself and allow time for