In of ICT which provide eco?friendly, productive, and economically

In 2007, there was an increase in the urban cities compared to the number of people living in urban cities.  In 2050, the ratio is expected to pass 70%,  Clearly, urbanization both advantages and challenges.  Urbanization that is done too quickly will increase the need for energy, water, sanitation, as well as for services like education, transportation, health care and other public services.  As a result, everything is tightly interconnected including the social, economic, and environmental aspects.8Currently, we are making cities “smarter” so that these issues are hopefully going to be avoided or resolved.  A “smart city” includes an efficient and productive management of resources and infrastructure, better environment, and administration that are expected to result in better lifestyle for the citizens. It is possible with the better use of ICT which provide eco?friendly, productive, and economically possible solutions for the city.  Some examples of advancements using ICTs are:  better and more real-time water management based on better information exchange; public transportation systems coordinated using data from satellites, air quality, and electromagnetic field watching; home and remote health care monitoring; and world-class digital education using collaborative technologies. Then the concept of “sustainable smart city” (SSC) has emerged. The “ITU—Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU?T), through its ITU?T’s Focus Group on SSC, uses the following definition of a smart sustainable city: A Smart Sustainable City efficiency of urban operation and services, and competitiveness, while ensuring that it meets the needs of present and future generations with respect to economic, social and environmental aspects”.9These days, more advancements and innovations can be seen in the world. By using improvements in ICT during the last years the smart cities can contribute to economic growth and development in all areas in order to create clean and sustainable environment, to increase incomes for many people, to support poor persons, and to make the governance of the city more transparent to the whole population.  The ICT infrastructure is the main backbone of the smart city.  It interconnects and coordinates all the different interactions between the applications and infrastructure factors. It acts as the “glue” that connects all the other factors of the smart city.10Setting up a “smart sustainable city” is greater that just changing the previous technologies with new infrastructure. It has to be a massive change in everyday life when using new ICTs in order lead to smart outcomes.  There are three dimensions of a smart city: “environment and sustainability, city level services, and quality of life”. These dimensions need to be balanced to create a smart sustainable city.