In a. Unrealized profits The surplus is distributed on

 

In the distribution of
surplus, the takaful company should prioritize the interests of takaful
participants as essentially the surplus is belonging them. When it comes to
issues of surplus, the distribution of the surplus must be carried out fairly
and transparent.

 

In implementing surplus administrative
process, the following factors need to be considered and taken into account:

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a.   Unrealized profits

The surplus is distributed on
income and actual realized profit. This mean the future participants will get
more benefit than the previous generation of participants as unrealized capital
gains are not reflected in previous surplus distributions.

 

b.  
Provision for bad investment

Provision for bad investment which value has fallen
from the value reflected on the purchase will reduce the surplus. Therefore, takaful
company should rewrite corresponding to that particular provisions to ensure it
benefits the future participants.

 

c.  
Qardhal Hasan

The repayment of the loan, known as Qardhal Hasan should be given priority over the distribution of surplus to the participants. This is because Qardhal Hasan is considered as a loan injection into the takaful fund.

 

d.  
Determination of a fund-based
surplus or product portfolio

While there is a practical limitation to filter
out surpluses to individual participants, efforts must be made to distribute
surpluses in a way that identifies the particular experience of a cohort of
participants who share the same characteristics.

 

The surplus distribution
process needs to identify those who qualify for the surplus sharing. Among the
eligible participants are as follows:

a.     takaful participants who have
never made a claim throughout the year.

b.     takaful participants who claim
less than their risk contribution is paid into the risk pool.

c.    
takaful participants who have made maximum claims are definitely not
entitled.