In 2017, there are 4 HRSs in Sweden [54].

In Sweden, a
premium purchase rebate is granted for the
purchase of a new electric or hybrid electric vehicle 59:

– SEK1
40,000 for cars with zero CO2 emissions

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– SEK 20,000
for cars with CO2 emissions between 1 and 50g/km

A five-year
exemption from annual circulation tax for electric vehicles with a maximum fuel
economy of 37 kWh/100 km is also available in Sweden.

HRSs development in Sweden is supported with funding and contribution from European and local
institutions (municipalities for instance). Sweden offers financial support for the development of charging
infrastructure which amounted to SEK 130 million in 2015 19.
As of October 2017, there are 4 HRSs in
Sweden 54.

Sweden has a target of
achieving a fossil fuel-independent vehicle fleet by 2030 67.
Through Nordic Hydrogen Corridor, Sweden is targeting for
opening eight new hydrogen refueling stations, adding 100
fuel cell electric vehicles and achieving renewable hydrogen production by 2020
68.
Nordic Hydrogen Corridor is a study that aims to enable emission-free FCV transport between
the capitals of Nordic countries 69. This program
supports the development of HRSs, electrolyzers, and deployment of FCVs 69.

Purchase or lease of eligible zero-emissions and plug-in hybrid
vehicles are subsidized to an amount of USD 7,000 is subsidized in California Through a
project called Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) 70. This
project is administrated by Center for
Sustainable Energy (CSE for the California Air Resources Board (CARB)
70.

A rebate
of USD 5,000 is available for the following models of FCVs 70: Honda
Clarity Fuel Cell                   
(2017), Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell (2015 – 2017), Toyota Mirai Fuel Cell
Vehicle (2016 – 2017).

A rebate of USD 2,500 is available for the following models of BEVs 70: BLUECAR Bluecar
(2016, Fleets only), BMW i3 (2014 – 2017), BYD e6 (2012 – 2017, Fleets only), Chevrolet
Bolt EV (2017), Chevrolet Spark EV (2014 – 2016), Fiat 500e (2013 – 2017), Ford
Focus Electric (2012 – 2018), Honda Clarity Electric (2017), Hyundai Ioniq
Electric (2017), Kia Soul EV (2015 – 2017), Mercedes-Benz B250e (2014 – 2017),
Mitsubishi i-MiEV (2012, 2014, 2016, 2017), Nissan LEAF (2011 – 2017), smart
(2011, 2013 – 2017), Tesla Model 3 (2017), Tesla Model S (2012 – 2017), Tesla
Model X (2016 – 2017), Volkswagen e-Golf (2015 – 2017)

A rebate of USD 1,500 is available for the following models of PHEVs 70: Audi A3 e-tron
(2016 – 2017), BMW 530e (2018), Cadillac ELR (2014, 2016), Chevrolet Volt (2012
– 2018, ONLY Low Emissions Package), Chrysler Pacifica (2017 – 2018), Ford
C-MAX Energi (2013 – 2017), Ford Fusion Energi (2013 – 2018), Hyundai Sonata
Plug-in Hybrid (2016 – 2017), Kia Optima Plug-in Hybrid (2017), Mitsubishi
Outlander PHEV (2018), Toyota Prius Prime (2017), Volvo S90 T8 (2018), Volvo
XC60 T8 (2018), Volvo XC90 T8 (2018)

The State of California supports the development of HRSs. California has co-funded 62 HRS projects as of October 2017
via a program called “AB 8” 71.  Through the AB
8 program, $20 million is allocated annually
until there are at least 100 publicly available hydrogen-fueling stations in
California 72.

38.8 % of
statewide total public charging sites and 37.9 % of charging outlets have been funded by California Energy Commission’s Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle
Technology Program (ARFVTP) which is
aimed at funding EV charging stations 74.

As of April 2017, California has 29 Open-Retail HRSs and is
expected to have 37 HRSs be open by the end of 2017 73.
 Table
25
shows the number of HRSs in California through from 2013 to 2016.

As of June 2017, there are about 12,000 publicly
accessible charging ports at more than 3,600 charging stations in California 75.
As of April 2017, more than 1,600 FCVs had active registrations in California 73.
Table
26
shows the number of FCVS on-the-road in California through 2013-2016 73.

As of May
2017, about 300,000 ZEV and PHEVs have been sold in California 74.
Assuming the sales of BEVs and PHEVs have been zero before 2009, Table
27
shows the number of electric vehicles based on the number of new registrations
each year. The data used was from California Auto Outlooks covering the fourth quarter of 2013 76
and the first quarter of 2017 77.

1
Exchange rate for Swedish Krona in December 6th, 2017 is 1 SEK ~
0.12 USD