Frankenstein limbs now tremble and my eyes swim with

Frankenstein
or The Modern Prometheus is a masterpiece of Mary Shelley. She writes it when
she was only eighteen years old. The novel examines the themes of loneliness
and social rejection as the author presents a notable character to Victor
Frankenstein, the monster, and Robert Walton. The aim of this essay is to
analyze the themes of loneliness and social rejection by symbols and other
literary devices, which show the agony and loses as the three characters
experience these feelings. Mary Shelley uses imagery, irony, and symbolism that
set up the themes. 

The
themes of loneliness and social rejection are shown through imagery
as the monster, Victor, and Robert experience how the society casts them. The
monster horrendous appearance makes the society disgusts him that even his
creator, which is Victor get terrified upon seeing him. This is
seen when Victor describes his creation: “His yellow skin scarcely covered
the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black and
flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but this luxuriance only formed a
more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same
colour as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shriveled
complexion and straight black lips” (Shelley 42). The monster’s strange
physical appearance makes the society to be terrorized, mistreat and
reject him. It becomes his main barrier as the people use to judge the outward
appearance without looking at its inner surface.

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As
it happens, not only the creation experiences the rejection and loneliness but
also his creator, Victor Frankenstein. He has this eagerness to learn science
that resulted in creating the monster. It is his way of shaking off the
loneliness and other negative feelings which is seen when he is creating
the monster: “My cheeks had grown pale with study … and the moon gazed on my
midnight labors while with unrelaxed and breathless eagerness … My
limbs now tremble and my eyes swim with the remembrance … my eyeballs were
starting from their sockets on attending to the details of my employment”
(Shelley 39). As it shows the process of how he creates the monster,
Victor’s knowledge of science and his hunger to create a human, give him the
power that results in loss and death of his family because of his carelessness
to his creation. Also, his obsession with scientific knowledge separates him
from his social life, as he is the one who isolates himself from everything.

In
addition, Robert Walton has also the desire for knowledge that makes him
explore and reach the North Pole: “I feel a cold northern breeze play upon my
cheeks, which braces my nerves and fills me with delight. Do you understand
this feeling? This breeze, which has traveled regions towards which I am
advancing, gives me a foretaste of those icy climes. Inspirited by this wind of
promise, my daydreams become more fervent and vivid” (Shelley 1). As Robert
Walton chases his dreams and discovering new places, his knowledge and place
leave him a gap between his shipmates as he thinks that his shipmates are too
uneducated to share his dreams and feelings. In brief, the three male
characters express and build the themes through their senses which give vivid
and real imagination to the reader. 

Moreover,
Shelley also uses irony to show how the three male characters are seeking for
companionship to build relationships, so that they can connect their feelings
and thoughts. The monster does not choose to look horrible and get rejected. He
feels unconnected and seeks companionship and understanding from human society
and Victor which is seen: 

I endeavored to crush these fears and
to fortify myself for the trial which in a few months I resolved to undergo;
and sometimes I allowed my thoughts, unchecked by reason, to ramble in the
fields of Paradise, and dared to fancy amiable and lovely creatures
sympathizing with my feelings and cheering my gloom; their angelic countenances
breathed smiles of consolation. But it was all a dream; no Eve soothed
my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone. (Shelley 111)

The monster feels alone and is looking for a living creature that will
give the care and understanding, which his creator and the society have not
given to him.

***      Not only the monster is
seeking for companionship but also Robert Walton. He mourns the absence of a
friend in his life. This is seen when he is updating his sister through a
letter:

But I have one want which I have
never yet been able to satisfy, and the absence of the object in which I now
feel as a most sever evil. I have no friend, Margaret when I am glowing with
the enthusiasm of success, there will be none to participate my joy, if I am
assailed by disappointment, no one will endeavour to sustain me in dejection… I
desire the company of a man who could sympathize with me, whose eyes would
reply to mine. (Shelly 4)

Robert Walton cannot find a companion in his shipmates because of his
position. He shows his depression as he has no one to share his feelings, no
one can relate to him because of his knowledge. Knowledge that separates him
from his mates.

            On the other hand,
Victor is stuck with his emotions as he receives a letter from his father about
his brother’s death, William. This is seen when Victor is on his way home: “My
journey is melancholy. At first, I wished to hurry on, for I longed to console
and sympathize with my loved and sorrowing friends; but when I drew near my
native town, I slackened my progress. I could hardly sustain the multitude of
feelings that crowded into my mind” (Shelley 58). Victor is questioning himself
how his brother died, questions that have filled his mind which causes him to
return home slow. It is so mysterious to him. 
The punishment that Victor faces in being blinded in creating and not
understanding the monster is the loss of happiness, downfall, and destruction
of his family. Furthermore, Mary Shelley uses irony to keep the reader intrigue
as far as the theme is concerned. It also helps as the story becomes more interested
and the three male characters experience such struggles just to feel connected.

            Other than imagery and
irony, Shelley also uses objects as a symbol that represents the themes. To
prove it, as the monster is looking for his mate, the symbolism of window often
take place when this happens. This is seen when Victor is working on the female
monster that he and his creation’s deal up, while monster is watching him through
the window: “I trembled and my heart failed within me, when, on looking up, I
saw by the light of the moon the demon at the casement. A ghastly grin wrinkled
hid lips as he gazed on me, where I sat fulfilling the task which he had allotted
to me” (Shelley 145). Victor realizes that creating the female monster is one of
the ways to make sure the safeness of his family. Apparently, he thinks that
the female monster might cause more conflicts and struggles rather than it will
solve. Likewise, the monster feels inspired and envy at the same time by the De
Lacey family, as he sees the care and love that they have for each other. This
is seen when monster observes the De Lacey family through a window:

I have found that one of the windows
of the cottages had formerly occupied a part of it, but the panes have filled
up with wood … He raised her and smiled with such kindness and affection that I
felt sensations of peculiar and overpowering nature. They were a mixture of
pain and pleasure, such as I had never before experience, either from hunger or
cold, warmth or food, and I withdrew from the window, unable to bear these
emotions. (Shelley 89)

Through the De Lacey family, the monster learns how a family should be.
The way how the De Lacey family love, care and support each other despite of
their poor situation. The window shows importance and significance to the
monster as he watches Victor creating his female mate and observes the De Lacey
family.