During treaty was questioned by many, as it seemed

During the first half of the 19th century, the confined terriroty of the United States would begin to grow beyond it’s origional 13 states. Expansionist would push down towards Mexico and into the uncharted West, opening up new territories for the United States and it’s citizens, such as the gold rush of 1849, located in present day California. Other major expansions would occur, such as the Louisianna Purchase, the Compromise of 1820, the Comprimise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Each of these expansions, however, were believed to be harmful by those against the idea, fearful of what it could do within the governement of the United States and powers close to the country. The debate between those for expansion and those against would aid in shaping the present United States.   As America had began to expand westward, settlers began move more towards the French owned Mississippi River and using it freely, the river being territory that the French had gained from Spain after the French and Indian War. US officials began to grow afraid of the settlers usage, fearing that France would want to dominate the river and the Gulf of Mexico, all within the Louisianna Territory, consuming a huge portion of land on the continent. In order to prevent any sort of conflict with France, Thomas Jefferson proposes to purchase the land from France in 1803 with the Louisianna Treaty, the agreement being known as the Louisianna Purchase. This treaty was questioned by many, as it seemed to be an odd way or an unjust way of acquirring territory. Three Federalist,  James Elliot, Samuel Thatcher and William Plumber, shared their thoughts on this treaty at a Cingressional debate in October of 1803 (Doc A). Within each of their statements, the men describe how the Constitution is “silent on the subject of the acquasition of territory”, and how conquering territory through the treaty makes the treaty “unconstitutional.” Since the Constitution does not explain how the country can acquire territory, it leaves an open debate as to how and if the territory purchased is constitutional, also leaving the question: How can the country obtain territory if not through a treaty? At this time, the answer is truly never clear, but it was typically acquired through expansionist heading west and settling there, creating a population large enough to become a state and pushing out any threats. Folllowing the Louisianna Purchase was the War of 1812, also refered to as the “Second War of Independence”,  the war fought between the British and the United States over the British impressment of American seaman and the United States desire for expansion. When debating whether the new country should face Great Britain’s navy, one of the strongest at the time, a majority of the House of Representitives voted for the decalartion of war, most of these votes coming from the western and southern states such as Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Kentucky, Virginia, and Pennsylvania  (Doc B). Why this war was favored in the South and West, it was unappealing in the New England states and among the Federalist party. This distatste lead to the secret Hartford Convention of 1814, in which the New England states expressed their disappointment in the South’s gain of political power in the national governement. When the states came to a resolve, which was series of regulations against commercial resolutions and military drafts , they sent their emissaries to Washington DC, but were beat, however, by the news of General Andrew Jackson’s win at the Battle of New Orleans. This win made their resolutions invaild, since the war had ended, and news of this convention leaked to the public, leading to the demise of the federalist party. As the United States began to acquire more western territory, the expansionist began to push the Native American tribes more and more west. After the War of 1812, Britain had let go its alliance with the tribes, leading them to defend themselves. The tribes located in the Ohio and Illinois territory were pushed further west, opening new territory in the West. These constant efforts to eliminate tribes fromm the territory sometimes resolted in the loss of the tribe, however, Lewis Cass, an American military office, realized that the Cherokee tribe had never succumbed to American life. In “Documents and Proceedings… and Improvement of the Aborigines of America”, written in 1829, Cass wrote about how the Cherokees have “resisted, and successfully too, every effort to meliorate their situation, or to introduce among themselves the most common arts of life” (Doc C). The tribe had made no progress in improving its society, the first case in world history in which a group that was considered a minor group did not benefit from associating with higher powers. This tribe has continued to keep itself alive throughout history, still present today. This story, however, is not the same for all tribes, as many were greatly effected by the Trail of Tears in the 1830’s, 6 tribes being pushed into the unorganized territory of the United States, bordering at the time Mexico. The tribes were pushed out on various routes, two  tribe, the Seminole and the Creek, being removed on a water route, in order to make open land up for territoral expansion (Doc D). These forceful acts show what the white expansionist were willing to do in order to obtain more territory, these methods not agreed upon by every citizen. All in all, the debate between supporters and opponents on the idea of territorial expansion was