Daniel JenkinsMrs. SousaEnglish III CPE21 December 2017Crazy King: An Investigation of Macbeth’s Mental State In Shakespeare’s tragedy Macbeth; Macbeth, a Scottish nobleman and general of the king’s army. Defeats Norway in a battle to protect Scotland and the king’s land. After defeating the rebel army constructed and lead by Macdonwald Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth is recognized by all of Scotland and by King Duncan. Following these moments Macbeth begins to lose his sanity. In fact he becomes a psychopath, which by definition means a person with a mental disorder who has a violent social behavior. Macbeth’s psychopathic traits are show by his aggressive behavior, lack of restraint and his deceitfulness towards his peers. Aggression is the main characteristic of a psychotic man and is the main reason to believe that Macbeth is a psychopath. The first reference of Macbeth’s aggression is seen on Macbeth’s way to Duncan’s castle where he is encountered by witches. When Macbeth first confronts the witches he is skeptical. The witches then speak “All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!”(Shakespeare 17). This is what triggers Macbeth’s aggression. The witches tell Macbeth that he will be the king. Macbeth then talks to the witches demanding that he needs to know more about his kingship. Aggressive behavior is one of the most detectable signs of a psychopath as it is seen through his tone of voice when he demands answers from the witches. Another reference to see Macbeth’s aggressive behavior would be the tone of his voice as he has a soliloquy before he kills Duncan. Macbeth speaks “I go, and it is done. The bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell that summons thee to heaven or to hell.” (Shakespeare 31). Although it might not be evident that he is being aggressive in the quote, Macbeth is completely hostile. This is what he says right before he exits to kill Duncan, the man that he swore to protect under any circumstance. Another example of aggression towards others would be when he kills Duncan’s guard’s after Duncan is killed. “He returns from his investigation of the scene and mentions that in his fury at the sight of the murdered king he killed the king’s guards.” (Dominic 251). Macbeth kills the guards out of spite because he wants to prove to Banquo and Macduff that the murders are the ones that were the only ones awake. All in all it is easy to say that Macbeth is a psychopath due to his aggressive behavior towards others when speaking or in his actions. Restraint issues is also a characteristic of a psychotic man. It is easy to tell that he has trouble restraining himself. For instance moments before Lady Macbeth is supposed to kill Duncan she backs out and makes Macbeth kill him. “The Lady is not to kill Duncan, but Macbeth is to undertake it. He has “sworn” to do it.”(Rolfe). This persuasion that Lady Macbeth has over husband is enough to believe that he lacks restraint. Although many people such as Kelly Bedard who wrote Portrait of a Psychopath say Macbeth is not psychotic because she focuses on one part of the traits of a psychopath “Psychopaths are lacking in remorse and guilt. Macbeth is almost entirely based on remorse and guilt.”(Bedard). Though this is true you have to look at the entirety of the illness. There are many things that contribute to a person’s mental state. Another instance of Macbeth lacking restraint would be at the end of the play when Macbeth forces himself to fight Macduff. Before the fight occurs Macbeth tells himself no man born of a woman can kill him. Though this is not true about Macduff “Tell thee Macduff was from his mother’s womb untimely ripped.”(Shakespeare 185). Therefore Macbeth forces himself to fight Macduff. As a result of Macbeth’s lack of restraint, Macbeth is killed and the reign of Macbeth over scotland is over.The final and most important trait of a psychopath is his deceitfulness. In this case he is very deceitful towards his most trusted peers. The way that Macbeth deceives his peers may not be obvious when first reading the play. When looking deeper it is easy to see that Macbeth blames others as a way of deceiving his peers. Claudia Moscovici the writer of Dangerous Mind Games: How Psychopaths Manipulate and Deceive would agree “When you accuse a psychopath of wrongdoing, he’s likely to tell you that another person is just as bad…” this is precisely what Macbeth does when he is at the scene of Duncan’s death he blames it on the guards and kills them. “Who can be wise, amazed, temp’rate, and furious,Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man.Th’ expedition of my violent loveOutrun the pauser, reason. Here lay Duncan,His silver skin laced with his golden blood,And his gashed stabs looked like a breach in natureFor ruin’s wasteful entrance; there, the murderers,Steeped in the colors of their trade, their daggersUnmannerly breeched with gore. Who could refrain,That had a heart to love, and in that heartCourage to make ‘s love known?” (Shakespeare 69). Before and all throughout Macbeth’s reign over Scotland he has been deceitful, and is one of the many reason to believe that he is a psychopath.It is self evident that Macbeth is not only insane but a psychopath as well. Macbeth’s psychotic behavior was seen from start to finish. It is known that he may not be a psychopath on some peoples scale. With evidence it is not hard to tell that Macbeth has aggression problems, restraint issues and is deceitful towards peers. Thus classifying Macbeth’s as a psychopath.Works CitedDominic, Catherine C. Shakespeare’s Characters for Students. , 1997. Print.Kelly Bedard Managing EditorRead Kelly’s bio »Read all posts by Kelly ». “My Theatre.” “Portrait of a Psychopath” » My Theatre | My Entertainment World, www.myentertainmentworld.ca/2010/04/portrait-of-a-psychopath/.Moscovici, Claudia. “Dangerous Mind Games: How Psychopaths Manipulate and Deceive.” Psychopathyawareness’s Blog, 27 Aug. 2015, psychopathyawareness.wordpress.com/2011/09/13/dangerous-mind-games-how-psychopaths-manipulate-and-deceive/.Rolfe, William J. “Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.” Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, www.theatrehistory.com/british/macbeth_and_lady_macbeth.html.Shakespeare, William, and Kenneth Muir. Macbeth. Bloomsbury, 2013. Print.