BACKGROUUND AND CONTEXT
Although section 40 sub
section 42 of the Nigerian constitution provides a platform for men and women
equal opportunity to democratic governance, giving prohibitions to any means of
discrimination, facts on ground do not give credits to this standing. Dating
back to 2007 general Nigeria’s election, only 6% of elected political office
where women bringing the ranking of the country compared to the other west
African countries very low, being that the sub-regional average is put at 12%
which practically is a far cry from the 30% recommended in Beijing in 1995.
Despite the fact that women constitute about half the population size of the
country and have played very key roles in the past their participation in
formal and informal structures and processes where decision regarding the use
of societal resources generated by both men and women remains insignificant(makama,2013).
The gleaming issue still is that why are this set bacs still a part of the
Over the centuries feminist has being stereotyped
as dependent, submissive, and conforming making women lack leadership qualities
raising the bias of men to portray leadership as command or control instead of
a process of mobilizing and engaging humans which can bring a new platform for
women leadership (burns 1978 p.50).
The potentials of women
to be a part of the administrative strategic decision makers are high and are
sure to bring positive impact to the system of democratic governance. As in the
past from the birth of the office of the first lady in 17 by the wife of the
then Head of state Babangida till date we have seen several women with grate
political ambitions women like Ngozi Okono Iwela (finance minister), Dora
Akunyili (drugs enforcement agency) etc. have all shown positive intents and worked
significantly in their various offices. How ever in Nigeria the extant National
gender policy (NGP) recommended 35% affirmative action instead and sort for
more inclusive representation of women with at least 35% of both elective and
political and appointive public service positions respectively (Oluyemi, 2016).
Sources have witnessed that the low response of women in the Nigerian political
system started from the period of pre-colonial masters giving rise to the patriarchal
system which in the long run have made it seem like men are always meant to be
at the forefront and women their subordinates.
The purpose of this research will be solely
to look into the hindrances women encounter with regard to engaging in
political run for offices. By looking at various political parties using various
research procedure like conducting key informant interviews, distribution of questionnaires
to see if truly democracy is practiced faithfully.
REARCH QUESTION &
This research will be involved
in four research questions followed by the hypothesis.
WHY IS IT DIFFICULT FOR WOMEN TO ENGAGE IN POLITICS AS
hypothesis in this case would be that they are not given enough support from
this political parties to engage as active as their male counterparts which
entail leads to a pullback or discourages their efforts.
IT THE PRACTICE OF DEMOCRACY TRULY A PARTHNERSHIP OF
EQUAL OPPURTUNITY BETWEEN WOMEN AND MEN?
The null hypothesis
in this case could be that since the pre- colonial era the issue of patriarchy has
deeply eaten into the political system to an extent to which we as men no
longer see women as equal but as subordinates. My expectation here will be to
see that a substantial percentage of patriarchy still very much exist or practiced.
WHAT OPPURTUNITY DO WOMEN HAVE AS THEY GROW IN THEIR
POLIYICAL CAREER IN THIS PARTIES?
hypothesis in this case would be that despite the claims of gender equality,
due to the presence of “internal democracy” still amongst the party members and
officials wee see that women are still sidelines I expect to see that most of
their career growth is cut short due to such reasons.
WHAT ARE THE STRATEGIES THAT WOMEN NEED TO IMBIBE OF
GET ACCUSTOMED TO IN ORTHER REACH A LEVEL PLAYING GROUND WITH THEIR MALE
COUNTERPARTS TO ATTAIN SUCH KEY POSITIONS?
The null hypothesis
here would be that a grassroot reformation strategy from the family schools and
culture to break the barrier which are nurtured from very young age i.e
encouraging children despite their gender to see themselves as people of same
relevance to the society at large bearing in mind being able to give equal
support at any point in time.
In addition to
this research /study we will also be considering the following issues and
As women in
various political parties will be approached to fill up questionnaires, personally
the researcher would want to know or put into account if leadership education
was something which was being taught to them and if not, how did they find a
way to break through this “GLASS CELLING”.
Also, the study will
like to know what their male counterparts feel about the issue of women putting
out that they do not get enough support as them and their advice to women?