After progress. The people now sought the whole truth

After the Renaissance, there came a time where human reason was celebrated, empiricism was on the rise, and faith was in human nature. This time period was called Enlightenment, an intellectual and scientific movement of the 18th century dedicated to human progress. The people now sought the whole truth of reality and they found it through rationalism and reason. With the age of reason on the rise, empiricism became a theory that all knowledge comes from experience. John Locke was a philosopher who truly thought that it is through our experiences that we gain knowledge. Your senses must be able to see, feel and hear the world you learn in, it must come from an “empiric origin”, according to Locke. A new kind of humanism arose during this time, all people were considered good or at least capable of being so and happiness was now easily achieved. All of these ideas and concepts of the Enlightenment era transformed society thanks to a new upbringing of Enlightenment thinkers; Immanuel Kant, Thomas Jefferson and Moliere. All three authors were apart of the enlightenment, but each individual had their own beliefs and emphasized different views/priorities. Immanuel Kant defines Enlightenment as “man’s emergence from his self-imposed nonage. Nonage is the inability to use one’s own understanding without another’s guidance.” (Kant 1) Kant continues to talk about how all individuals have to potential to become enlightened, you simply just need self will. Dare to know! (Sapere aude) “Have the courage to use your own understanding.” ¬†became the motto. Next, Kant talks about authoritative figures, “guardians”, stating that he doesn’t deny their authority, but it is within everyone’s right to question how they utilize their power. Although there may be conflict between the guardians and the people, we must obey as citizens. Kant did not want any bloodshed, no revolution needed, instead he emphasized how things need to be taken slowly and carefully. He saw the good of society and the good for the people as one, in other words he viewed the people as a whole, whatever benefited society was also good for the people. Lastly, Kant stresses that there is a distinction between the person you are in private vs. your public figure. The way you act and talk in private differs from the way you do in public, in private you may act freely; no expectations, no reputation needs to be upheld. But if you are in public you must act and talk a certain way, that is because in public you must play the role you play as a citizen apart of society. He gives wonderful examples of the public figure you must obtain in his literary work What is Enlightenment?, Kant gives an example of how, ” a pastor too, is bound to teach his congregation in accord with the doctrines of the church for which he serves, for he is ordained on that condition.”(Kant ¬†2). This shows that the pastor indeed is not free since he carries out the orders of others. Now during this time Thomas Jefferson created the famous document known as “The Declaration of Independence”. This doctrine declared independence from the British parliament and Jefferson composed this in a very logical structure. He wanted social contract in order to overall appeal good to all other countries, although he wasn’t a violent leader, Jefferson made it clear that the united colonies will not be pushed around and if anyone reached the limit they won’t be left untouched. During this enlightened time three revolutions evolved this era redefining society and questions/concerns arose regarding where the power comes from, the people now sought equality and were born with certain unalienable rights. Jefferson explains that these right are “… Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness” (Jefferson 1). If the government violated these God given rights ten wee as th people can