Abstract: experiment we will be working with pea plants.

Abstract:          Pea plants are leguminous plants, with the help of a 14-14-14 blend fertilizer it can grow leaves and grow tall more efficiently. To be able to figure out the right amount of fertilizer pellets suited to nurture the pea plants effectively, an experiment was conducted using materials such as 4 plastic cups, 8 pea seeds, soil, 6 fertilizer pellets and more to be able to observe multiple pea plants of two per a cup labeled with the amount of fertilizer pellets that was used. As the plants grow trestles aided the plants so they would have support and something to grow on. A hypothesis was made that 2 pellets of fertilizer was enough to aid the plants. After weeks progressed observations was recorded to later determine which amount of fertilizer helped the pea plants grow the tallest and most amount of leaves. By the end of the experiment pea plant #1 with 2 pellets of fertilizer ended up the tallest and the most amount of leaves therefore making the hypothesis true. More experiments will be taken for consideration for the future to test out if the hypothesis is correct or if there will be a different outcome. Introduction          In this experiment we will be working with pea plants. Pea plants are part of the Legume family, it has a waxy, smooth appearance to it and is usually a lime-green color. The stem of the pant is usually hollow and is not very sturdy, to be able to grow efficiently trestles or other various types of supports are needed to assist the plant. Pea plants are angiosperms, vascular plants that have physical macroscopic seeds. Similar to humans, a pea plant first starts off as an egg that comes in contacts with a sperm cell which results in an one celled fertilized egg. The cell then goes through mitosis until it becomes an embryo that can be germinated or planted and eventually grow shoots and roots. With proper care the plant will sprout and grow. Overtime it will grow a flower which has an ovary waiting for a sperm cell and the whole process starts again.          To help with plants growth some plants will be given fertilizer. Fertilizer is a chemical or natural substance that is added to soil to give the plants more nutrients to help its growth. For the experiment we will be using a particular blend of fertilizer which is 14-14-14. Fertilizer is usually in a ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, so the it means we will be dealing with a pellet that has 14% nitrogen, 14% phosphorus, and 14% potassium.          In order to find out the best way to plant pea plants, we will be experimenting different ways and plants that has different numbers of fertilizer pellets, analyzing along the way it’s plant growth.          In order to have the best results and a successful experiment, basic background knowledge is a must to be able to know what we are dealing with. A seed contains a plant embryo, shoots, roots, and food supply, protected by a protective covering. A seed is formed when an egg is in contact with a sperm cell and goes through a process called fermentation where it generates a fertilized egg. The egg goes through mitosis and copies itself until it becomes a seed. Whenever going through germination, what generally is happening is that the seed goes out of dormancy and combines with water, the water softens and breaks the protective casing causing roots to grow. This process generally takes 3-4 days. It then becomes a seedling, a young plant. And fertilizer is a chemical substance that helps plants grow.           I believe the plant with 2 pellets of fertilizer will have a higher growth rate than the rest because it’s neither too much nor too little. 0 amounts of fertilizer may have the plant grow slowly because it doesn’t have that extra boost, that extra help to make it grow faster. On the other hand 3 pellets might be too much fertilizer and cause the plant to die, so 2 pellets is just enough, it’s the middle ground. Materials:4 plastic cupsPopsicle sticksHot glue gunMasking tapeA sharpie pen4 petri dishes 8 pea seeds6 fertilizer pellets (14-14-14 blend)SoilMethods/Procedures:Put masking tape on the cups, with the sharpie pen, label the cups 0,1,2,3 (the numbers stand for the number of fertilizer pellets that is going to be put in).  Poke 2 holes on the bottom of the cups.Fill the cups with soil ¾ of the way, pack it in as you go.Drop 2 seeds in each cup then fill in soil rest of the way.Add the amount of fertilizer pellets according to the labeled number on the cup.Put the cups in the petri dishes (the petri dishes will act as a drip pan).Water the plants generously until water seeps out from the bottom of the cup and into the petri dish. With the popsicle sticks and hot glue gun, build trestles. Trestles are supports that aid the plants as it grows taller.Stick the trestles in the soil making sure that it is stable and will not tip over.Place the the plants under grow light. Check plants frequently and water them when needed.Results:           Pea plants were planted on October 31, 2017.           On November 8, 2017, data was collected. Pea plant #1 with 0 pellets of fertilizer was 2.5 centimeters tall and had 4 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 0 pellets of fertilizer was 2.1 centimeters tall and has 2 leaves.  Pea plant #1 with 1 pellet of fertilizer was 7.5 centimeters tall and had 8 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 1 pellet of fertilizer was 5.25 centimeters tall and had 8 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 2 pellets of fertilizer was 5 centimeters tall and had 6 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 2 pellets of fertilizer has not sprouted, therefore is 0 centimeters tall and has 0 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 3 pellets of fertilizer was 6.5 centimeters tall and has 6 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 3 pellets of fertilizer was 4.5 centimeters tall and has 6 leaves.           On November 14, 2017, data was collected. Pea plant #1 with 0 pellets of fertilizer is 18.5 centimeters tall and has 13 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 0 pellets of fertilizer was 19.5 centimeters tall and has 14 leaves.  Pea plant #1 with 1 pellet of fertilizer was 29.5 centimeters tall and has 16 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 1 pellet of fertilizer was 21.5 centimeters tall and has 14 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 2 pellets of fertilizer was 28 centimeters tall and has 14 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 2 pellets of fertilizer sprouted measuring to be 4 centimeters tall and has 4 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 3 pellets of fertilizer was 27.5 centimeters tall and has 14 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 3 pellets of fertilizer was 23 centimeters tall and has 14 leaves.           On November 21, 2017 data was collected. Pea plant #1 with 0 pellets of fertilizer was 32 centimeters tall and has 25 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 0 pellets of fertilizer was 37 centimeters tall and has 20 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 1 pellet of fertilizer was 45 centimeters tall and has 26 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 1 pellet of fertilizer was 36 centimeters tall and has 22 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 2 pellets of fertilizer was 50 centimeters tall and has 30 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 2 pellets of fertilizer was 25 centimeters tall and has 16 leaves. Pea plant #1 with 3 pellets of fertilizer was 39 centimeters tall and has 26 leaves. Pea plant #2 with 3 pellets of fertilizer was 36 centimeters and has 22 leaves. Tables and Graphs:Height Of Pea Plants in CentimetersDate.0 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1. 0 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #2. 1 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1.  1 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #2. 2 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1. 2 Pellets of Fertilizer. plant #2. 3 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1. 3 Pellets of Fertilizer Plant #2. 10/31/170000000011/8/172.52.17.55.25506.54.511/14/1718.519.529.521.528427.52311/21/173237453650253936Pea Plants’ Number Of Leaves Date.0 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1. 0 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #2. 1 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #11 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #2. 2 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1. 2 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #2. 3 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #1. 3 Pellets of Fertilizer. Plant #2. 10/31/170000000011/8/17 4288606611/14/1713141614144141411/21/172520262230162622Discussion/Conclusions:           I believed that 2 pellets of fertilizer would be the right amount needed to give plants the extra boost to perform and grow efficiently. After weeks of experimenting and collecting my own data, the results supported my hypothesis. The outcome from the experiment suggests that pea plant #1 with 2 pellets of fertilizer ended up the tallest, 50 centimeters, and the most amount of leaves, 30. Since it ended up the most efficient in the areas that I was observing, height and leaf amount, with 2 pellets of fertilizer it backs up my hypothesis, and with this outcome I can say that my hypothesis was right or came true. Although this doesn’t necessarily mean that 2 pellets of fertilizer is always the right formula to grow plants, through my own experience and experiment it worked for me. Of course to find the right amount of pellets exactly and other necessities that plants need, more experimentation will be needed. Who knows next time I may end up with results saying the 1 pellet of fertilizer would perform the best. Instead of planting 2 seeds to analyze with an amount of fertilizer I think more planting seeds will give me better results. Also maybe I’ll put one seed per a cup so it takes up all the nutrients from the fertilizer for itself than the last experiment where I put two seeds per a cup so the fertilizer was being shared between the two plants.