‘A atmosphere. However, her heart is “gladder than all

‘A Birthday’ and ‘Marrysong’ by Christina Rossetti and Dennis Scott respectively, employ metaphor, diction and symbolism to represent and celebrate their love.  In the poem ‘A Birthday’, Rossetti creates a celebratory atmosphere towards her newfound love. She likens it to a birthday, which has connotations of excitement towards this momentous occasion which symbolizes a new beginning. The first stanza starts with “My heart” at the beginning of each line, the use of anaphora places emphasis on the noun “heart” which we associate as the center of our emotions. She compares her emotions to nature to describe this new feeling of love. Her heart being like a “singing bird” suggest that she is bursting with joy, and the noun “nest” has connotations to coziness and fertility. Her love makes her heart sing in happiness. The “watered shoots” suggest growth of the relationship, from a tiny little plant to an “apple tree whose boughs are bent with thickest fruits”, this implies that her relation is stable and “fruits” could again suggest fertility and “thickest” give an image of abundance. The “apple” also has biblical associations to knowledge, we can relate this to how now she truly knows what loves feels. The imagery of a “rainbows”, suggest clarity and tranquility after a storm and it provokes the idea of her heart filled with vibrants emotions. Serenity is again advocated with the phrase “paddles in a halcyon sea”, the gentle movement of paddling in a peaceful sea continue the sense of a calm atmosphere. However, her heart is “gladder than all these” implies that her love is even better than all this wonderful images. Rosetti portrays love as a very powerful feeling that overpowers any other negative things.  In contrast, the poem ‘Marrysong’ shows us an unconventional idea of love, by showing the struggles in a relationship. Scott writes in third person to show how the struggles of this couple can also apply to many more. The poem deals with a wife who is always unpredictable and a husband who still after much time and effort can’t quite seem to solve the puzzle to her mind – “he never quite learned her”, as well the the absolute adverb “never” reinforces how hard it is, and the verb “learned” gives the reader a sense that he is studying her complexities. Throughout the poem, Scott compares her similarities to nature and its divergent landscapes, he refers to her as “that territory” which is a metaphor for her vast personalities, that unlike ‘seasons’ you could not determine her next mood. The pace of the poem is also constantly changing, reflecting the ever-changing mood of the wife, “on turning,” show us how quickly she changes and the use of the comma increases the pace of the poem illustrating how very changeable she is. He quotes that she “shifted under his eyes”, this shows that his wives wife as she changes imperceptibly and he can’t quite catch up with her. “An hour he could be lost in the walled anger of her quarried hurt”, the word lost has connotation to confusion, we can see that the wife is also very deeply hurt and is shutting herself from getting help. Suddenly “see cool water laughing” is another of her mood change, “where the day before there where stones in her voice”, she goes from anger and and sadness to a peaceful and fun state.The short sentences “He charted. She made wilderness again. Roads disappeared. The map was never true.” emphasizes how he tried to map her however it was never right, the “road” he had plotted changed and she had to be explored all over again. It was helpless as “she suddenly changed”, the sibilance re-enforces the swiftness of her changing mood and how powerless he is, he can never anticipate or control her. Scott wants us to understand the different side of love and relationship, because they won’t always be perfect.      On the last stanza of ‘A birthday’, Rossetti is so overpowered by the joy of her new found love, bringing her into creating a tribute. To monument this love she gives commands to the reader, “Raise it, Hang it, Carve it, Work it”, to make a “dais”, and honorary throne. Since this love is indeed very special she wants it to be decorated with very specific things, that symbolize this relationship. She wants “silk and down”, one of which very soft and one smooth, but both very expensive. The “purple dyes”, symbolize how her love is majesty and royal to her. The list of demands goes on as she ask it to be carved with “doves, pomegranates and peacocks with hundred eyes”, all this symbols have connotations to love, guidance, protection, awakening, fertility, and much more, peacocks were also a sacred bird to greeks and romans and where a symbol of immortality. This love is everlasting it will never end. To sum things up Rosetti tells us why she wanted this dais, and it is “Because the birthday of my life is come, my love is come to me.” This birthday is a representation of her love, and this gift is worth much more than all those luxurious and expensive items. Rossetti does not justify her ‘love’, this gives the reader a freedom to choose what that love is in their lives that makes them feel like Rossetti in the poem.  The poem “Marrysong” shows us the power of acceptance to each other, it is the last lines that Scott shows us the realisation of the husband. The realisation that he has to stop trying to understand her, but instead receive her the way she is.The metaphor “The shadows of her love shortened or grew like trees seen from an unexpected hill”, shows again how she changes rapidly like light and darkness, it emphasizes her changeability however this time he is also telling us how her love for him changes. The phrase “unexpected hill” shows us that he is starting to understand that she is unpredictable, and he can’t change her. He will always find himself with a new situation, “new country at each jaunty helpless journey”, this refers to how all of his attempts have failed as he never succeed to understand her, the word “helpless” shows us his lack of control. Finally “He accepted that geography”, he does not have to worry, the verb “accepted” shows us that he is fine with it and feels at peace for once. Now he “wonders”, his is opening his mind to her as he “Stayed home increasingly to find his way among the landscapes of her mind”. The verb ‘stayed’ shows his commitment to her and the noun ‘mind’ gives a sense of more intimate and deeper knowledge. Scott showed us how relationships can have their struggles, but with commitment we can also learn to solve them.   In conclusion, both ‘A birthday’ and ‘Marrysong’ portray love in two different ways, one shows how wonderful love can be while the other teaches us that relationships will have obstacles, but it is that acceptance than will bring us peace. In the end both show how powerful love can be, in either sides. Personally the poem Marrysong was my favorite, the very clever metaphors used by Scott make the poem truly interesting to read. It made me think how us as humans are always looking a the bad sides of others and judging each other, however we should too learn to accept them.