13.1 set by A. Power means putting attention on

13.1

Power is the ability one
person (A) have to change the behavior of another person (B) so that person B
will follow the guideline set by A. Power means putting attention on one thing
to get instant agreement and get it done. While leaders utilize power to
achieve goals, power is not always necessary and may even have the opposite
intended effect. Leadership concentrates on knowing the relevant information in
order to fulfill desires and requirements. Leadership involves putting pressure
on supporters; it is not as much about control as power is.

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13.2

The similarities between
the five bases of power is that all od them are related to leaderships and they
all determine the leader’s level of influence. The differences lie in the
after-effect of each different bases. For instance, personal power encourages employee
engagement and increases retention while the use of coercive power has negative
effect on employee morale.  Reward and
legitimate is not connected to any outcome.

13.4

Some power tactics are
more efficient than others. Rational persuasion, inspirational appeals, and
consultation are considered most efficient, because observers generally
encourage the output of the adjustment procedure. Pressure has no importance
when compared to the remaining tactics. Rational persuasion is one of the most
efficient tactics. Inspirations appeals to the observers which helps in working
with others and in making good decisions. The most sophisticated tactics
involve personal appeals, inspirational appeals, rational persuasion and
consultation. The most solid tactics could be exchange, coalitions, and
pressure which results i official authority and may concentrate on valuable and
calculated damages.

 

13.6

Politics refer to the
activity linked with governing a country or a specific state. It includes the
activities of the political party. Mostly, politic is used to create confusion
and chaos in society.

Politic is not only
present in the governing activities of the state but also in organizations.
Politic in organization is an unwanted activity that spoiled organizational
culture. Organizational politics include making godship, spreading rumors,
whistleblowing, and leaking confidential information to the rivals.

Organizational politics
always creates negative impacts on the organization. Some employees may form a
group amongst themselves and start gossiping about the affairs of the company. When
organizational politics exists, the organization degrade and get negatively impacted.

People in an organization
should not indulge in any sort of politic. This will create a bad image for the
company. The growth of the employee and their organization will hinder due to
the politic present in the organization.