1. a slow tempo. For joy and surprise, they

1. How does music communicate meaning? ?The Oxford Dictionary defines music as, the ?????????vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion. Music and how it relates to emotion varies depending on the genre of music you are listening to. However, there are common communicative properties found in all types of music, but the interpretation may vary depending on the listener. We all walk different paths in life and have different experiences that can determine how we decipher its meaning. Listening to a song while you are stressed or depressed about something may result in a different interpretation and feelings than if you listened to it while everything in life is going great. Musicians, being human themselves, have a big part in this by the way they compose their music. They are able to accomplish this through their choice of tempo, pitch, instrument choice etc. 2. How might a composer portray heartbreak? Joy? Fear? Surprise?Music, in general, does not have to express meaning solely through words but can be successfully portrayed through pure instrumentals as well. A composer does not need to change instruments to express different emotions. Classical music is the perfect example of the ability of music to reach out to its listeners and extract specific emotions. Composers often use different methods to portray the exact emotion that they want the listener to feel at any given moment. One of the biggest methods is through the choice of instrument and the tempo at which it is played. For example, if a composer wanted to express emotions by using a violin they could do so by the speed of the bow, weight of the bow, lifting the bow, bow attack, dynamic changes and tone quality. For expressing heartbreak, a violinist could play with a super soft bow attack at a slow tempo. For joy and surprise, they could play with a slightly increased speed of the bow, stronger bow attack and varying dynamic changes. For fear, a super strong bow attack with extreme dynamic changes can instill fear in the audience.